All That You Need to Know regarding the Independence of India

Independence Day of India is an outstanding holiday for every citizen of this state. Celebrate it on August 15th. The history of the holiday begins in 1947, it was then that the population of India began to celebrate its independence from Britain.

On August 15, 1947, an act proclaiming Indian Independence (Indian Independence Act) came into effect. Also on this day, the then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru raised the tricolor flag of India in the presence of a large number of people. It happened in Delhi, above the walls of the Red Fort.

Since then, the history of India seemed to have begun anew – the history of a new, independent state. Independence Day is celebrated annually in almost all Indian cities, as well as villages. A solemn ceremony is held, which is traditional and unchanging in its rules. Local authorities are always pronounced speech this is a kind of ritual.

Politicians make an introduction each time, in which they remind of the history of the holiday, about how hard India got its freedom. This is followed by stories about the immutability of the traditions of the national liberation struggle. This is a part of the india’s independence day now.

Historical past

Let’s go back in history. It all began with the establishment of the trade and economic sea route to the West. After India made such a move, European traders decided to take possession of the Indian subcontinent and the surrounding territories. Already in the 18th century, the peninsula was ruled by England.

Poor living conditions, which were provided by colonial policies, caused uprisings. So in the 19th century the national liberation movement began, mostly organized by the workers. Increasingly, meetings and strikes were held, the British government tried in every way to stop them, but the attempts were in vain.

Most of the rallies were arranged to raise wages, improve working conditions and reduce the number of working hours. As a result, trade unions were formed – societies consisting of ordinary citizens who advocated the expansion of their rights. The struggle for liberation from the colonization of England became widespread and constantly increased in scale, more and more people became supported by the trade unions.

Headed this struggle Mahatma Gandhi, a very famous person

The name of this person today is familiar to every inhabitant of India and far beyond its borders. Gandhi was an ordinary man who organized boycotts and strikes.

Once he came to the government for negotiations not in formal clothes, as was customary, but in ordinary clothes, which shocked the authorities.

Strike Continuation

Boycotts arose not only in factories. Students and schoolchildren went on strike. Another important requirement was the unification of the Muslim and Hindu religions, which could not be accomplished for a long time. It was precisely the disunity of the two beliefs that for a long time created obstacles for the state to gain independence.

How to spend your money in the right manner when it comes to jewellery

Women love to wear in jewellery because it gives them a highest status in society and makes them feel beautiful. Everyone has the right to look in free beautiful and hence should wear jewellery in a proper manner and style it as well. But not everyone can afford very expensive jewellery and so shopping jewellery on a budget becomes essential.

With the right tips and tricks anyone can actually purchase or style jewellery  like ear cuffs and wraps in a much cheaper cost then they could ever imagine. But to do this they need to Make the right choices and do the right things. Once a person shops in a smart manner they will know that in order to style jewellery you know don’t need to buy very expensive women jewellery for yourself. 

How to spend less money while purchasing jewellery: 

  • Wedding jewellery does not always mean that you have to wear expensive jewellery. You can also go for imitation jewellery. Now a day’s very good quality imitation jewellery is available in the market and you won’t even have to invest in jewellery.
  • Jewellery from precious metals can be really expensive but just if you want to try out jewellery it is best that you try imitation jewellery before you can actually make up your mind and whether or not you should purchase some expensive jewellery.
  • Another tip when it comes to buy jewellery is that since you’re going to be purchasing jewellery to only where maybe for one particular location it is best that you take the help of your heirloom. Many times our old grandmothers and mothers have jewellery which we could actually love to style so it is better to check with them ones.
  • You should also check for jewellery in thrift stores. These are second hand stores and they generally have a lot of vintage jewellery that you may like which is also available for really less price. Show always check at these bargains stores and analyse the price before you end up buying the product.
  • Another thing that you can do is actually purchased railway from sale online. A lot of online stores have really good quality jewellery but put them on sale if they are not selling because of lack of awareness. So if you know such stores online then you can definitely purchase from them.
  • Also an important factor when it comes to shopping on a budget is to not jump up and buy from the first shop  that you see a piece of jewellery in. Always make sure that you consult a few stores before  you make a choice because you never know you can actually find something cheap in the other stores 

If one uses their mind in a proper manner we can actually get a lot of jewellery for really cheap prices and when we wear them everybody is going to ask us about it because of how classy it will look 

However whenever you buy bangle jewellery  or nay masterpiece of jewelry make sure that you might make the purchasing your right mind and do purchase some luxury item only after you’ve thought about it.

GPS Trackers Work Well For Small Businesses

If you resemble lots of businesses looking into Global Positioning System tracking equipment, after that you may be trying to find gadgets that supply simple location data and also work as a burglary deterrent.

GPS tracking tools provides this for properties as well as equipment, however there are several various other ways to utilize this modern technology that will certainly benefit your service. Once they start utilizing GPS tracking, it does not take long for organisation to understand all of the possibilities the innovation offers.

This post explores why companies make use of GPS monitoring and also provides information on the primary equipment options.

Greater than a Burglary Deterrent

In the beginning, companies mainly explore tracking their properties with GPS to make use of as a burglary deterrent. Many companies gain from this facet of making use of GPS tracking, on their possessions such as obtaining taken trailers transporting expensive cargo. Having Global Positioning System tracking will certainly offer you the comfort of understanding when assets leave as well as show up in particular locations.

Along with assisting in recouping swiped home, tracking properties permits businesses to monitor their utilization. A typical difficulty services deal with is that specific properties sit for long periods without any individual using them. GPS monitoring will boost possession application, which commonly suggests more-effectively dispersing the workload. In many cases, GPS data can even assist companies determine they can offer or retire if they do not obtain adequate usage.

Global Positioning System monitoring devices will reveal run time for tools at task sites, such as forklifts. This can likewise convert into confirming payroll as well as ensuring that employees utilize their time effectively.

Staff members

Workers that take cars home may be ripping off an hour early. When you only permit a 30-minute break, 3 or 4 workers take hour-long lunches. Add up time squandered, and also you understand. If we head right into an economic downturn, you have actually lost a great deal of cash– not the setting you want to be in.

Incomes aren’t the only problem, as well as those lost dollars might pale in contrast to various other situations. Speeding and also negligent driving place your company at higher risk. Monetary damages extending from a mishap involving property damage, severe injury, or death could mean completion of your organisation.

Sure, you have insurance coverage but serious claims can exceed your limits of liability and also put your organisation possessions at risk.

Conserve Fuel

Your Global Positioning System tracking system will certainly always offer you with the quickest, best and most fuel-efficient route to take. Without making use of a Global Positioning System tracking system, you might unknowingly take a much longer course that will certainly lead to utilizing more gas.

Many people are currently using Global Positioning System radar in order to reduce their gas intake. This is just as useful for the atmosphere as it is for companies and people.

Handle Your Business Much More Successfully:

After that mounting a GPS tracking system can aid you to manage your organisation a lot more efficiently, if you run an organisation that involves deliveries and utilizing motorists and numerous lorries;.

You will be able to use your GPS radar in order to see what paths your chauffeurs are taking as well as whether they are taking unnecessary trips on duty. You will certainly even have the ability to see the speed at which your vehicles are taking a trip; allowing you to understand which chauffeurs follow speed restrictions as well as which do not.

At first, business generally look right into tracking their properties with Global Positioning System to utilize as a burglary deterrent. Many firms profit from this facet of making use of GPS tracking, on their possessions such as obtaining swiped trailers carrying expensive freight. Having Global Positioning System tracking will provide you the convenience of knowing when assets show up and also leave in particular areas. A typical difficulty companies encounter is that certain possessions rest for lengthy durations without any person using them. Global Positioning System monitoring will enhance asset utilization, which typically suggests more-effectively dispersing the workload.

How to Make Asphalt Better

Your asphalt sidewalk is necessary for you. It was a considerable investment planned to enhance building value, safety, and curb allure. So it is not a surprise that you are interested in learning ways to improve the look to make sure that it looks the means it did the day it was installed. Whether you have an asphalt driveway or car park, the options for making it look better to remain rather the same. Continue reading to find out how you can make your asphalt sidewalk resemble new once more.

Asphalt Overlays

If your paved surface is old and also discolored, an overlay is a wonderful investment. As long as the existing sidewalk remains in great structural problem, a new layer of asphalt can be poured directly over it, rendering a fresh, brand-new paved surface. Not just are overlays efficient and also cost-effective, yet they are additionally lasting. If your paved surface is not structurally sound, you can get the very same outcomes by getting rid of the old sidewalk as well as repaving the whole surface area with brand-new asphalt. These 2 alternatives are the most intrusive and significant investments, but they deserve the overall worth you get long-term.

Do-It-Yourself Tips

If you are not interested in a sidewalk improvement, you can still benefit by executing some do-it-yourself strategies to keep your whole lot or drive looking terrific. Initially, routine debris removal is very important. This involves picking up trash and trash on a daily basis. It additionally involves punctual fallen leave and also snow elimination every period. Not only does this avoid unpleasant stains, deterioration, and also dangers, it makes the lot appearance tidy and fresh. If you have a big lot or complex, it is wise to purchase a road sweeping equipment to make this job more reliable.

Preventative Maintenance and Repairs

Whether you select to overlay your existing pavement, remove as well as repave your asphalt, or carry out DIY strategies, preventative upkeep as well as fixing minor damages is a must. Catching little troubles early can conserve you money and also preserve solid pavement. This includes fracture filling, pothole repair, line striping as well as painting, quality repair work, drainage modifications, as well as much more. You need to constantly be keeping your smooth surfaces, despite condition or square video.

Sealcoating

Every paved asphalt surface ought to have a protective finish. Asphalt requires to be seal coated every 3 to 5 years, especially in regions that are warm and also dry the majority of the year. This thin, clear safety layer shields unsafe sunlight rays, which stops it from prematurely fading, splitting, and extra. It also develops a waterproof barrier that stops rust, crumbling, heaving, and more.

Using Emu Oil Cream to Relief Skin Disorder

Emu is a 6ft tall bird that is found in Australia. The fat from the bird is used to produce an amazing oil and has been used by Australian aboriginal for many centuries to heal a variety of conditions. However, its medicinal properties were only recently discovered. These properties are most suitable for those with physical injuries, skin disorders, hair loss, bruises, swellings, etc

You might wonder how this oil can be beneficial when it contains fats purely. It is different from other fats because the fat it contains is healthy. Emu oil cream uses almost 70% unsaturated fatty acids, most of which is oleic acid, a mono-unsaturated omega-9 fatty acid. It also consists of nearly 20% linoleic acid, an omega-6 fatty acid, and up to 1 to 2% linolenic acid, an omega-3 fatty acid. Both these acids can penetrate deep down into the surface layers. The moment you use it, it can quickly enter the surface layers and do its job.

Emu Oil Cream helps in the treatment of acne and clogged pores for the following reasons: It is highly concentrated with natural anti-inflammatory compounds to make it useful in soothing the feel and look of acne infection. Its chemical make-up is very similar to the skin’s natural oil. Emu oil cream is non-comedogenic, which means it does not clog the pores of the surface. 

The liquid profoundly penetrates the surface when immediately applied. This moisturizes, shrinks the appearance of large pores, and loosens the blackheads making them easier to uproot. It is bacteriostatic, which means it does not promote the growth or reproduction of bacteria, therefore, when utilized, it does not agitate any current acne condition.

Psoriasis sufferers who’ve tried the drug program unsuccessfully are discovering that they don’t have to live with this condition any longer. There is a natural product that, with everyday use, improves cell growth and reduces itching as well, and with no side effects. That natural wonder is Emu Oil Cream. It works because it is a potent anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant. Your surface will return to its natural state because it helps regenerate new, healthy cells. Because of its very fine particle size, it instantly penetrates into all layers to improve the cells’ growth. 

Eczema’s characteristic is irritation, reddened rashes, and itching. It is usually found that people with deficient in unsaturated fatty acids in their bodies. This product component makes it eczema effective as it provides the missing elements for good and healthy skin. At the same time, you can also complement practical applications of this product with oral consumption to boost your fatty acid levels. 

Furthermore, the Australian Emu oil cream has many other significant properties. It is potentially bacteriostatic, which help to reduce the irritancy in the eczema symptoms. The anti-clogging quality of the oil helps to soak up the nutrients effectively. It adds loads of nourishment to the surface and helps maintain luster. The triglyceride nature of the liquid matches the structural profile of the human skin, making it easier for adequate penetration. The hypoallergenic nature and phospholipid absence make it fit for topical application in all types of skin.

Another benefit of Emu oil cream in treating burn wounds is seen in the ability to lubricate, reducing the formation of a dry, hard crust over the wound, allowing the new surface to grow without continually cracking and bleeding. After the initial healing period, the skin is found to be more supple, without having lost its elasticity in the healing process. Regularly massaging boost the growth around the burn wound after the bandages have been removed reduces the formation of scar material, and increased the flow of blood to the area. The new skin growth occurs more rapidly.

Conclusion

Emu Oil Cream is well-known for the miracle it does to the skin. With its help, your skin can become smoother and healthier. Researchers have made use of it as a base ingredient in forming certain skincare products, and these were found out to be very useful. Other than that, this skin disease cream is also ideal for healing scars. Since it can cleanse the area lying deep beneath the initial layer, the skin disorder treatment will quickly eliminate the marks that have stayed there for quite some time, and this includes scars.

How to Write a Winning College Application Essay

Scholarly accomplishments achieved so far-the significant thing to note is that the entrance advisory board thinks about each part of your scholastic foundation. This involves:

  • Your aggregate evaluations
  • Level of social connection and volunteer understanding
  • Your accomplishment in co-curricular exercises

There is no standard recipe for writing great college application essay to get anybody and everybody acknowledged to their college of decision. Each college application essay must be novel and convincing and keep the guidelines gave in the college’s affirmation area in their data gateway.

Such data is key as it tells you the college’s desire in their future understudies. The application system holds fast to two noteworthy parts.

The subsequent part manages the introduction of your application. This covers all basic documentation that can demonstrate your scholastic perfection and strong papers that uncover increasingly about your persona. These reports decide whether you are deserving of enlistment consequently making it important to look for an accomplished writing service represented considerable authority in this specific applications.

Preceding requesting an college application essay from best online essay writing service suppliers, dependably guarantee to scrutinize through their models. Having a nearby see what is exhibited can enable you to settle on what you need. In the wake of choosing a reasonable arrangement for your paper, the accessible group of experts can form your essay and redo it to your needs.

Continuously guarantee that the chose essay service supplier offers an ensured portion structure since you will be expected to enter your information into their site. You will, along these lines, get the best online essay writing service. They will likewise convey what you mentioned for inside the stipulated time span.

To display musings and thoughts in a peculiarity that is cunning and firm, you have to realize how to form and review great organizations. In the event that you are thinking what quick essay writing is, you should let it hit home that you should contemplate the issues of research already. In the field of forming scholarly essays, we are altogether invested with various ranges of abilities; we, be that as it may, all require help with regards to scholastic essays. While a few of us have the ability to compose an essay very quick with no type of arrangement or outline, different people need to make arrangements and strategize judiciously. In the event that you face different hardships creating your paper in a fast way, coming up next are fabulous rules to help you.

On the off chance that you hoping to score a decent evaluation to book a situation in that establishment that you so very much want, reach us today and we will make your blessing from heaven. Our certified essayists will put your considerations and thoughts into paper in a manner that persuades the board and the whole organization of your longing to join the college. Writing college application essay isn’t as entangled as it looks, simply send us the accurate prerequisites for the essay and we will make sure that we compose an extraordinary piece that inspires your to-be mentors.

Pros of AC Repair and Replacement for Long Lasting Performance

  In summer days we have to deal with both external as well as internal home temperature. At times we face frequent power cut and sweating in our body. Summer season comes with a lot of unbearable hot climate. Therefore thinking of an air cooler makes sense.

 Air conditioning system runs efficiently and most of the time it gives relief to the people who are facing extreme heat. The good thing about having an AC is that it brings the temperature down and gives coolness which people often need for. There are advantages of AC repair from a certified Air con servicing.

 Air con servicing offers economical budget of AC repair-

When you notice that you’re AC does not work properly that time you have to search best air con servicing companies. The hired AC repair and replacement services are budget friendly. Sometimes lack of seriousness tends to give you a torrid time.

 Unless you pay rich attention to AC condition you have to face over budget and costlier repair work in the future. Before that happen, make a serious assessment of how to bring back the AC performance.

 Show urgency and decision making-

AC parts and components are vulnerable when they get outdated. You can sense that your AC bills increase unexpectedly.  That time you have to proactive in decision making. You don’t leave it too late to call upon AC repair services. Best aircon servicing and aircon Repair Company in Singapore is highly rated for its world-class AC repair work. The hired AC repair and replacement company do the assessment and check in different parameters of AC below average performance.

Seasoned AC servicing has excellent service track-record-

When you hire recommended AC repair services, they are professional enough to fix the AC problems rather clinically.  AC can run and perform exceedingly well when you do the repair job timely.

 Any let-up or delay in proceedings might go against your cause. As with any electronic goods, there is a warranty period for AC. But you can increase the AC lifespan by addressing its loophole on time. For improve and decent performance AC should be repaired by certified AC technicians.

 Helps to cut down heavy AC maintenance bills-

The great thing about replacing or AC repair is that you hardly see any sort coming in Air con servicing. Good at aircon servicing Singapore  https://airconservicesingapore.com.sg/ has some of the best employed AC technicians who fix and work relentlessly to set a benchmark in AC repair services. A faulty and average rating AC can increase your AC bills.

 Therefore without delay, ask the reputed Air con servicing for an inspection .Once your AC gets repaired you will expect its performance to be improved. Similarly, you can also reduce the AC maintenance.  A branded and hallmark AC model can last long if you show urgency while doing the AC repair servicing.

Secure Trading and Verdi Media Announce Their New Partnership

To keep up with the ever-evolving industry, many payment processing providers are partnering up to ensure they are offering consumers the very best services. For this very reason, payments group Secure Trading recently announced that they have entered into a new partnership with Verdi Media.

A Republic of Ireland-based full-service digital agency, Verdi Media offers a range of creative and technical services. Secure Trading and acquiring.com will become the preferred payment gateway and acquiring platform for Verdi Media. According to reports, the strength and consistency of Secure Trading’s payment gateway over the past 18 yearshas played a huge role in the success of this partnership.

Paired with a dedicated account manager and access to a UK-based support team, Verdi Media’s merchants can rest easy with the reassurancethat their payments system has the reliability and support to safely grow their business. Likewise, acquiring.com, Secure Trading’s merchant acquirer, will benefit Verdi Media’s merchants by providing AI-based risk management and an immediate decision on merchant accounts. It will also offer instant boarding and a specialised account management structure for different verticals.

“Secure Trading and their acquirer acquiring.com are the perfect choice for our e-commerce projects,” Paul Kieran of Verdi Media said. “Their technology is very easy to use, very easy to set up, and extremely cost-effective.”

“Strategic partnerships such as these are one of the best ways that our flexible solutions can be introduced to merchants that need the reliability of a well-established payment services provider,” Craig Brightly, Head of Sales at Secure Trading said.

“Verdi Media have a diverse portfolio of clients with different business goals and customer bases. Our solutions will be adapted to each business to make sure that their payments strategy has the best possible impact.”

Where Small Businesses Can Find Providers

Not all small businesses are created equal, and neither are payment providers. Each small business has its own unique set of needs and challenges. Industry and business type also play a huge role in this. To find the best merchant providers in the UK, many business owners are turning to Best Payment Providers.

Best Payment Providers features a long list of merchant service providers – like secure trading ltd – and information that helps merchants choose the right provider for their business. Quickly browse and compare reviews for the top merchant providers in the UK to find the right fit for your business and customers’ needs.

Author Bio:Payment industry expert Taylor Cole is a passionate merchant account expert who understands the complicated world of accepting credit and debit cards at your business. His understanding of the industry and secure trading ltd has helped thousands of business owners save money and time.

How the Start Up Options Really Work Here

One of the startup’s main problems is to find sources of finance that allow it to be born, grow and become a successful business.Startups by their nature ‘burn cash’ and even when they start billing and have good earnings they may need capital injections to ‘scale up’.

Why? Let’s start with the definition of startup, which is the best at telling us what the distinctive elements of this type of business are.The startup is a temporary organization, which aims to find a scalable and repeatable business model. You can click here for getting all the information.

The startup features are therefore:

  • The temporary nature, the startup is a transitory phase, the ambition is to become a big company
  • Experimentation, the startup is looking for a business model, at the outset it does not know exactly if what it is doing will be successful, it must make many attempts to find out and find the right formula to be profitable by making innovation
  • The business model object of its search must be scalable (therefore operate in a very large market, with the possibility of growth) and repeatable in its processes (sales, distribution, etc.)

The startup therefore begins to spend a lot of money without earning it, for a period n work at a loss. Therefore it is a company that is obliged to find alternative sources of financing that will allow it to move forward in the search for the business model and to grow quickly once it has found it. Growth is another fundamental element that distinguishes the startup, for Paul Graham is the only, true characteristic that distinguishes this type of innovative enterprise from all the others.

What are the forms of financing for the startup?

  • When to start up to finance the startup
  • How to deal with fundraising

What are the forms of financing for the startup?

The first big distinction to be made is that between equity financing and debt financing: the first is the infamous venture capital, but also angel investing and equity crowdfunding, which allows one to obtain capital by selling shares in the company; the second basically consists of loans, so these are money that must be returned.

Among the ways in which a startup can be funded venture capital is the lion’s share, as it is a typical form of fundraising for innovative companies with high growth potential. But this does not exclude that the startup can access other forms of financing, for example public tenders, which sometimes also offer important non-repayable sums. Wanting to outline, the main sources of financing for the startup are:

  1. 1.       Self-funding (personal funds)
  2. Bootstrapping: the USA term refers to the startup’s ability to finance itself thanks to paying customers
  3. 3F (friend, family & fool): it is quite clear who they are and why they invest the first two categories in a startup, fools are people who ‘fall in love with the project’ and give credit to the startup for entirely personal reasons and that outside of object criteria

Schedule For 2019 Rolex Sydney Hobart Race

Those who are contemplating about participating in the Rolex Sydney Hobart Race 2019 need to get packing and preparing with their crew and vessel soon. Though it is held in the month of December, there is much to prepare for and terms to comply with in order to get to the starting line of the race.

This particular year’s event would be the 75th edition. Being a global sailing event that is known for the tough and competitive sailing conditions that it represents, most who participate in this event usually come with several years of experience and many are regular competitors in this annual race.

As every year, the 2019 edition would start on Boxing Day from Sydney Harbor. At such a time there would be strong winds and that is what makes sailing tough and competitive for the monohulls. The offshore race course spans six hundred miles and covers the distance from Bass Straits to Hobart which lies in Tasmania. This is off the Southern coast of Australia.

For those who are contemplating to participate in the campaign, there is a week of training that they need to be at where they can understand what are the terms and rules of sailing to abide by. The race concludes by New Year’s Eve which provides enough time for everyone to be back home for the New Year.

The schedule of the race for 2019 comprises of a training week that would last from 17th to 23rd December. The lay days would be 24th and 25th December after which the race starts. Expected time of arrival is by 29th or 30th of December for most of the boats at the Constitution Dock of Hobart.  The schedule of the events that are planned around the race and celebrations planned in Tasmania are all detailed on the official website.

Just One Person To Be There In World Sailing Selection Procedure

For the selection procedure and hosting and entertaining of the Sailing competition of Olympic Women’s and Men’s 2024 Paris Vessel events of one person to be held at Spain in Valencia this has been finalized by the World sailing.The sailors will be hosted by the Nautica de Real club Valencia, the boats that are qualified for the procedure of re-evaluation and will be sailed and tested will be sailed by these sailors on the day of the event which will be held on 11 to 15 March of this year.

Member of World Sailing’s National Authorities is presently welcomed to name their best three male and best three female One Person Vessel Sailors. The Panel of Evaluation will choose the mariners from these assignments.Principles for choice incorporates, on the chosen dates all the selected applicants should be free, Weight territory men for 75kg to 90kg, Weight territory ladies for 55kg to 70kg, Applicants must not be minor that is not below 18 years of age, Highest One-Person dinghy mariners, giving profession features.

The accessibility of the subsidiary so that help can be provided to the ones who are not ready to take care of these expenditures, it would be the best possible way if you try to communicate to the specialized group for more data.World Sailing propelled the delicate procedure in 2018 May which welcomed Association of Class and Producers to delicate for the women’s and Men’s One Person vessel following a policy of World Sailing’s re-evaluation in the year of 2017 Conference of Annual in Mexico.

World Sailing got eight consistent offers and the D-Zero, Standard of Laser and Radical Laser, 14 Melges and RS Aero were qualified just like the individuals who intently reflect the specialized criteria for the occasion – simple to cruise, shared structure dinghy monohull with various apparatus sizes for male, female and youth mariners.